What is the definition of theft? What are the consequences of theft?

Theft is defined as taking the property of another, without their permission, and with the intent to permanently deprive them of it. The criminal consequences for theft depend on the value of the item taken and can range from a fine up to a prison sentence. Beyond the criminal consequences, having a theft conviction on your record can make it difficult to obtain employment in the future.

What types of theft can I be charged with?

In Iowa theft charges range from 5th degree theft, a simple misdemeanor, up to 1st degree theft, a class C felony. The only difference in the charges is the value of the item(s) taken.

What is the definition of shoplifting? What are the consequences for shoplifting?

Shoplifting is a common term that is not included in the Iowa Code. It simply refers to theft from a store, A.K.A intentionally taking merchandise from a store without paying for it.  The consequences are the same as other types of theft, and in addition the store may make a civil demand for money against you and ban you from the store in the future.

How is identity theft investigated? Is using someone else’s I.D. considered identity theft?

Theft is generally investigated by local law enforcement. Theft from a store (shoplifting) may also be investigated by the store’s employees or loss prevention department.

Iowa Law defines identity theft as fraudulently using or attempting to fraudulently use identification information of another person, with the intent to obtain credit property, services, or other benefit. Using someone else’s identification without their permission could be considered identity theft.

What does the University of Iowa define as theft?

The University of Iowa follows state law with respect to theft.

What are the University's consequences for theft?

Theft is a violation of the code of conduct, and  students can face sanctions including fines, non-academic probation, suspension and up to expulsion from the University.  Students accused of violations will receive notice of the violation that includes instructions for how to contest the violation.